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Nara, founded as Heijokyo (Heijo Capital), was the capital of Japan
between 710 and 784.
The city was laid out in a grid pattern according to Chinese city planning system.
Other cities, like Kyoto, were laid out according to the same principle.
Nara has many historic monuments, in particular Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines.
In 784 the capital was moved to Nagaoka, currently a suburb of Kyoto, and in 794 to Kyoto.