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The University of Alcalá, also known as Universidad Complutense, was
founded in 1499 by Cardinal Ximenez de Cisneros, by transforming into a University the Studium
Generale founded in 1293 by King Sancho IV.
The town of Alcalá de Henares, known as Complutum in Roman times, was expanded and
transformed to accommodate the University and the colleges.
In 1836 the University moved to the capital Madrid, and in 1977 a new University was founded in
Alcalá de Henares.